Home » Volumes » Volume 24 January/March 1991 » Biting behavior of Anopheles mosquitoes in Costa Marques, Rondonia, Brazil

Biting behavior of Anopheles mosquitoes in Costa Marques, Rondonia, Brazil

Terry A. Klein; Jose B.P. Lima; Amazonia Toda Tang

DOI: 10.1590/S0037-86821991000100003


Mosquito collections were made in and near Costa Marques, Rondonia, Brazil, to determine anopheline anthropophilic/zoophilic behavior. Collections from a non-illuminated, bovine-baited trap and indoor and outdoor human-bait collections were compared. Anopheles darlingi and Anopheles deaneorum were more anthropophilic than the other anophelines collected. The remainder of the Anopheles species were collected much morefrequently in bovine-baited traps than in human-bait collections. Anopheles darlingi and An. deaneorum were more frequently collected inside houses than the other anopheline species. But, when collections were made in a house with numerous openings in the walls, there were few differences in the percentages of each species biting man indoors versus outdoors. Anopheles darlingi was the predominant mosquito collected, both inside and outside houses, and had the strongest anthropophilic feeding behavior of the anophelines present.

Keywords: Anopheles sp. Brazil, Behavior, Anthropophilic. Zoophilic.


Para determinar o comportamento antropofilico e zoofilico dos anofelinos, foram capturados mosquitos na periferia e na zona urbana de Costa Marques, Rondônia, Brasil. Foram comparadas as capturas feitas à noite, com iscas bovinas e humanas, dentro efora de casa. O Anopheles darlingi e o Anopheles deaneorumforam mais antropojilicos do que os outros anofelinos capturados. O restante das espécies anofelinas foi capturado mais freqüentemente nas iscas bovinas do que nas humanas. Anopheles darlingi e Anopheles deaneorumforam capturados dentro de casa com mais freqüência do que as outras espécies anofelinas. Porém, quando a captura foi feita em casas com muitas aberturas nas paredes houve pouca diferença nas porcentagens de cada espécie sugadora de humanos dentro efora de casa. Anopheles darlingi foi o mosquito capturado com mais freqüência, dentro e fora de casa, e apresentava maior antropofilia em relação aos outros anofelinos presentes.

Palavras-chave: Anopheles sp. Brasil. Comportamento. Antropofilico. Zoofilico.



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 Adress to correspondence:
Major Terry A. Klein.
Division of CD&I.
Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Washington
DC 20307-5100.



Recebido para publicação em 31/01/91.



Departments of the Army and Defense of the United States. Instituto de Biologia do Exército, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil. Laboratório Central de Entomologia, Divisão de Malária, SUCAM/MS, Brasília, DF, Brasil.
This study was supported by the US Army Medical Research and Development Command, Grant DAMD17-84-6-4004 to the University of Brasilia, DF, Brazil.
Núcleo de Medicina Tropical e Nutrição, Universidade de Brasília, Brasília, DF, Brasil.